Mahabharata is an ancient Indian epic that has survived to the present day in the form of 18 books, the volume and scale of which are superior to many other ancient scriptures. Translated from Sanskrit, the name of the book means "The Great Legend of the Descendants of Bharata" (the king of the ancient Kuru dynasty). According to various scientists, events unfold at different times: historians say one thing, astrologers say another, archaeologists say the third (several thousand years BC); the place where events unfolded is also controversial.
In the process of getting acquainted with it, it becomes clear that the work has a direct connection with reality, touches on eternal problems that are relevant at all times, and carries wisdom and enlightenment for people regardless of race, caste, gender, age, level of development ... We can say that it is a universal education tool affecting all spheres of human life in this world.
This work forms the correct perception of reality, does not idealize events and does not downplay their significance. You can verify this by comparing it with your daily life, because this is exactly what happens, and not at all like in Hollywood films, imposing false ideals and models of perception, educating consumers ...
The work was filmed in different versions, and I want to make a review on the 2013 series, because I watched it, and also listened to lectures on this topic, I myself have not read the books myself yet, but I consider it necessary to familiarize myself with the primary sources in order to form my vision. The series, shot in India, is mainly aimed at the appropriate audience, that is, Indians of low education. The series was shot in a popular style, with all the songs inherent in Bollywood, dances and long emotional scenes that a Westerner can safely watch while rewinding (most of the film).
We must pay tribute to the game of actors, because they convey their characters very brightly, hypertrophically, and this is good both for their compatriots (since Indians by their nature understand mostly only the language of emotions) and for the Western audience, they help to understand and realize many things better and remember them better because some things that we do not attach importance to in everyday life turn out to be extremely important, and in order to reach the reader / viewer, it is necessary to exaggerate. It is easy to understand that the work was shot for people of the modern consumer level of consciousness in order to somehow convey eternal truths to them. For more highly organized forms of human consciousness, the work would look different and would not have so much entertaining content, however, even in this form, the main points can be distinguished.
The main topics that affect the series of Mahabharat 2013 release (in my opinion):
1) Karma and reincarnation. The work makes it very clear that nothing passes without a trace, and any seemingly unimportant actions have their consequences, affecting not only human life in the present and future, but also on future incarnations. For example, Queen Kunti, not taking seriously the mantra bestowed on her by the sage, became a mother at 16 and was forced to hide her son, as well as his divine origin, which influenced the incitement of conflict between the Pandavas and the distribution of forces in a certain way . 2) Dharma (certain laws, moral principles), on which each person should rely, performing certain actions. The question of dharma is very acute throughout the work. We can see that the same rigid rules cannot exist for each situation, and it is important to have a flexible mind to see the situation as a whole and understand that the same law acts differently in different situations and understand its dharma - this is the ability to find the necessary support in any life situations, and depending on the circumstances, soberly assess what is happening, taking into account all factors.
This commitment of many protagonists to obsolete laws was enjoyed by Tsar Shakuni, who managed by his cunning to incite all kinds of passions between dynasties for revenge for the fate of his unfortunate sister (in the film) and his 99 brothers (in the book). He in every possible way provoked the Pandavas, grandfather Bhisma and the rest of the heroes to make all sorts of promises, which they became hostages of (since in the past, breaking his word was considered breaking the dharma)
3) Personal responsibility. In addition to the cause-effect relationships of the actions of the main characters and their correctness-incorrectness (adherence to dharma), the topic of personal responsibility is also addressed. Each person is born with a certain potential and has a certain range of responsibilities, and the larger the scale of the individual, the higher his responsibility for what is happening. Thus, the one born to defend the weak and eradicate lawlessness cannot just sit out in ashrams with an unsullied reputation and close his eyes, remain indifferent. Here we see examples of strong warriors such as gurus Drona, grandfather Bhisma, Karna, who, on the one hand, seem to be positive characters, but due to a lack of understanding of their personal responsibility, their duty to society, instead of saving the world and protecting the righteous , they were on the side of sinners, only at the last moment realizing the truth with the help of Krishna.
4) Selfishness and selflessness. Throughout the entire work on this subject, various situations are presented, from simple everyday ones (where children are asked a riddle, how to eat with straight hands, and only holding out their hands to each other, young princes manage to feed each other, bypassing their pride and showing compassion for their neighbor, even if he commits vileness to them) to situations at the state level (when King Dritarashtra is seized with a thirst for power, and he does everything not for the sake of his country’s citizens, but for his power and his inadequate son, for personal gain, not noticing what are the consequences of this, that subjects leave the country, people curse him and his family for all the atrocities, and the surrounding kingdoms unite against him)
5) Respect, forgiveness, acceptance. The work teaches to be grateful to everything that presents life, whether it is material wealth, knowledge, experience or life lessons. It fills a person, and rejection and disrespect takes power, instills in a person insecurity, envy, anger, doubt. So, we see how respectful the Pandavas are for everything, they accept all the challenges of fate, despite all attempts to kill the Pandavas, they forgive each time their brothers and give them a chance to fix everything, accept all the inhuman conditions that the Kauravas invent them, pass them successfully and evolve thanks to this.
6) The importance of self-development and the disclosure of creativity, labor. We see in the work that constant self-development, the pursuit of excellence and hard work lead to results. Heroes who constantly worked and went towards their dreams, such as Arjuna, his brothers, as well as Karna, achieved high results with their labor and austerities. And in other cases, a person’s life is empty or filled with gossip, intrigues, unhealthy rivalry. When a person fails to unleash his potential, he either has to deal with self-destruction, or put sticks in the wheels of others, so that they also could not succeed. So, the prince of Duryodhana (as well as his brothers), having failed to realize himself as a ruler, could only destroy and make plans to wipe his competitors off the face of the earth, instead of wasting energy on self-development for the benefit of his people.
This is what an acquaintance with an epos gives an ordinary person, including a yoga teacher, indicates the path of development and conditions for him.